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British Honduras: The invention of a colonial territory

Mapping and spatial knowledge in the 19th century

Odile Hoffmann

Cubola Productions
- Publishers since 1973
35 Elizabeth Street
Benque Viejo del Carmen
Belize, C.A. - Courriel :
Until the 17th century, the area currently occupied by Belize appeared in maps as a portion of space in the American world with no particular attribute other than being at the confines of a territory poorly known to Europeans, some of whom stopped there without making any political or social commitment before the area became coveted, delimited, and negotiated between empires. In the 18th Century it was integrated into a colonial structure as a territory to be controlled and administered by Great Britain in the 19th century.
The purpose of this monograph is not to retrace the genesis of a nation, but more modestly, to recount the invention of a colonial territory. No territory exists on its own; only social, political, symbolic and emotional constructions grant it substance and reality. Through descriptions, narratives, and maps, this monograph brings the territory into existence and displays the articulation between the collective imaginaries, the subjectivities, and the spatial practices of the social and political actors—political authorities, residents, cartographers—who interacted in the territorial construction of Belize.

The collection of maps reproduced in this book is itself priceless. Odile Hoffmann adds to it her analysis which shows that maps are not neutral instruments. Maps reveal the purposes and power of those who make them and so are part of the historical process of domination and contestation that shaped Belize’s history. Maps contribute to territorial claims and disputes both between and within states and Hoffmann’s book helps us to understand the conflicting visions and versions that created first the colonial and then the national territory of Belize. O. Nigel Bolland, Charles A. Dana Professor of Sociology and Caribbean Studies, Emeritus, Colgate University.

Maps can bring a story alive. In this well-researched and beautifully illustrated book, Odile Hoffmann brilliantly captures the drama of Belize’s history in its early years. Victor Bulmer-Thomas, Professor Emeritus of Economics, London University.

Odile Hoffmann démonstrates masterfully how maps record colonial conquests, the power play between imperial powers, and how they register the domination of the vicorious within a space. This book opens up new and promising areas of research. Dr. Myriam Cottias, Historian at CNRS, Director of Centre international de recherche sur les esclavages (CIRESC).

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